Convicts work release programs successfully integrate prisoners and involve them in the active mainstream labor market. The initiative aims to meet a positive outcome of reduced crime rate and increase in potential work opportunity for rehabilitated convicts and, in consequence, reduce repeated commission of an offence https://advanced-writer.com/.
There are many advantages for convicts if they are to take part in the program. For instance, it allows the earnings got through the program to be used as convicts’ financial help while they are in prison, reduce pending debts, or support any dependants. In addition, it can help earn work credits and through the evaluation can lead to the reduction of one’s serving sentence. It allows inmates to gain valuable work ethics and skills that are useful in the future. Moreover, it gives convicts the possibility to maintain strong ties and bonds they initially had with their community or family. In addition, it allows inmates to psychologically prepare for any eventuality which requires finances since after release most of their money is kept for them. Finally, it gives inmates a chance of taking part in normal full-time employment or any relevant vocational training in the community which actively helps them integrate back into society.
Although there are these advantages, there are also some negative results of this program since most of people in the society find it hard to work alongside convicts, especially in an institution that involves children or money. Another disadvantage is the misuse by employers since they consider inmates to be cheap labor and make them overwork for minimal pay, and prisoners endure such conditions since most of them do not want to return to criminal activities. In order to qualify for the program, one should not have any cases that involve sex- or arson-related offense, retainer or immigration-related cases. They should not be accused of any case that involves the use of force towards people, their property, murder, arson, manslaughter, robbery, or aggravated assault. A crime that depicts any child welfare-related offences, dangerous substance or material also prevents one from becoming a member of the program.
Introduction to the Policy of Work Release
With the high statistics indicating the yearly release of convicts at 650,000, it shows the weight and impact that communities will have when most of detainees return to their communities. Most of these neighborhoods have very high crime rates and minimal social support systems so that the release of these rehabilitated ex-convicts presents a number of challenges. With the minimal availability of job vacancies for ex-convicts, they will not have any money and a place to live which could lead to the temptation to return to their former crime lives. In this aspect, the implementation of the work policy in regulating work ethics is very well-timed. It can be done in or outside the prison after their sentence. On the one hand the inmates’ employment in the prison environment can be monitored in terms of their personal progress and on the other hand it involves vocational training education which is usually done on a short-term basis. Also, the program helps to acquire a permanent job once released. There are institutions that specialize in these specific areas, but before enrolling in these organizations, a person has to meet specific qualifications. Using the Pennsylvania York State policy as an example, a person needs to be charged and fully sentenced to qualify; however, those on bail can also apply. Therefore, the above named criteria of choosing concerns the type of crime. Consequently, those facing any of the noted crimes are not eligible. The whole process depends on the sentencing judge and the prison administration considering the inmates’ request, which they review for approval to take part in the program.
History of Social Welfare Policy in Virginia Area
The policy that implies the social wellness of the person mostly relates to the re-entry period. It is usually hard for convicts to integrate back into the community since they do not have any contacts that might link them to any job or health care facilities. That is why the program identifies and links them to organizations that offer support in terms of help either housing or resources. By using Virginia as an appropriate example, it has established links with state, faith-based, non-profit organizations as well as local and civic groups that coordinate and offer guidance on re-entry and offender transition services for the ex-convicts. Through the Virginia department of social services (VDSS) and the Local department of social services (LDSS), both adults and children benefit from their activities and services that offer help for any domestic violence, medical help to families, and food provision. Through joining efforts with the local authority, they try to discuss issues like substance abuse, housing problems for ex-convicts, and employment.
Cases of Failed Networks
The overwhelming statistics show that the cases of drug-related cases increase yearly among ex-convicts and the youth in juvenile facilities, even though the re-entry programs are in effect. Analysts argue that the program tends to release inmates before the rehabilitation program is completed. Moreover, in most cases detention facilities do not offer treatment or self-help opportunities while convicts are serving their sentences. In addition, very rarely there is the provision of attention to their cases. Therefore, when they enroll in a special program, they face a challenge since the effectiveness of their treatment relies greatly on the amount of time they spend in the facility.
Solutions to the Failed Network in Accordance to the Work Release
In the above case, to make the work release program effective, it should show and offer alternative skills to people through the education on the effects of the drug trade on them and the community. Moreover, the courses should be regulated and shortened to be available for those who are not going to complete the program. Furthermore, there should be established an institution that will check the progress of the person and try to offer job placements in organizations and environments that are not conducive to the drugs trade.
Rational Policy Analysis of Work Release Programs and in Prison Work Programs
The research that has linked these two programs reveals that through these policies, the inmates leave institutions more equipped, due to the vocational and formal education. As a consequence, the rate of crime and the likelihood that convicts return to criminal activities reduce drastically as ex-convicts successfully integrate back into society. Provisions of high level of education allow most convicts to get a college degree, or post-secondary certificate which greatly increases inmates’ chances of securing employment. The work release programs give a new perspective on how to view the correction system since the community and family orientation is on a personal interaction basis, and it helps to absorb into the community faster. The prison work gives inmates a second chance to improve themselves and, consequently, change their lives.
Political Ramifications of each Alternative
The politicians have passed laws that negatively affect the steps the correction institutions have made in both the in prison and work release programs. These laws stress the need for longer detaining of offenders, especially drug offenders and other issues like obstructing reviews on the change and funding to the institutions. As a result, this increases problems like overcrowding that hinders inmates from taking part in voting. Giving the community wrong information about the correction institutions, this makes the process of re-entry difficult since the community plays the main role in this process.
Through the execution of the prison work programs and work release programs, many inmates get the opportunity to successfully integrate back into the society. They also benefit from the education and vocational trainings that offer alternative employment for them. It is a useful program which benefits both the community and the people involved.